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How to make a motherboard (GIGABYTE Nanping Factory Tour) (Page 1)

How to make a motherboard (GIGABYTE Nanping Factory Tour)

During Computex earlier this month, we were invited to the GIGABYTE Nanping factory in Taiwan to see how a motherboard is based. Here's our report.

Steven Bassiri | Jun 23, 2015 at 9:12 am CDT - 1 min, 59 secs time to read this page

Background

How to make a motherboard (GIGABYTE Nanping Factory Tour) 01 | TweakTown.com

During Computex, I was offered a chance to go see how a motherboard is actually produced. GIGABYTE invited me and other media on a trip to see one of their three factories. We were bused off to the Nanping factory in Taiwan. To understand how a motherboard is made, it's important to understand what a motherboard is.

A motherboard is a PCB which facilitates the harmonious interactions between different ICs and components. Computer motherboards consist of a PCB with traces, chipsets (such as Intel's Z97 PCH), other ICs (SuperIOs, Network, Audio, Clock Generators, PWMs, etc.), electrical components (resistors, capacitors, inductors, MOSFETs, diodes, etc.), and physical interfaces (PCI-E ports, audio jacks, USB ports, header, jumpers, buttons, etc.). The job of a motherboard manufacturer such as GIGABYTE is to acquire the hardware and knowledge to produce motherboards that keep up with consumer demand.

How to make a motherboard (GIGABYTE Nanping Factory Tour) 02 | TweakTown.comHow to make a motherboard (GIGABYTE Nanping Factory Tour) 03 | TweakTown.com

GIGABYTE's Nanping factory handles only a portion of GIGABYTE's total product output, and GIGABYTE has other factories in China. The Nanping location produces over 400K motherboards a month (about five million a year), which is only about a quarter of GIGABYTE's total motherboard sales each year. The Nanping location also produces a lot of other products such as video cards, servers, laptops, and phones just to name a few. Since its opening 15 years ago, GIGABYTE has been very proud of its Nanping location.

How It's Made

How to make a motherboard (GIGABYTE Nanping Factory Tour) 03 | TweakTown.comHow to make a motherboard (GIGABYTE Nanping Factory Tour) 04 | TweakTown.com

On the left is a floor by floor layout of the factory. We were only shown a few floors and only a section of each floor. On the right is a quick summation of the entire manufacturing process.

How to make a motherboard (GIGABYTE Nanping Factory Tour) 05 | TweakTown.com

I made this diagram to show the hardware side of making a motherboard. There is also an extensive software side, where the BIOS and software for the motherboards is developed and then refined after the product has been launched. In this article, I will focus on the hardware production side of things, specifically the SMT (Surface Mount Technology), DIP (Dual in-line Package), and Q/A (quality assurance).

How to make a motherboard (GIGABYTE Nanping Factory Tour) 08 | TweakTown.comHow to make a motherboard (GIGABYTE Nanping Factory Tour) 09 | TweakTown.com

GIGABYTE tests each board individually as well, and some products are put through burn-in tests to ensure they operate within GIGABYTE's standards. GIGABYTE also has an AS/RS (auto storage and retrieval system) which will store components and products in a totally automated warehouse.

Last updated: Apr 7, 2020 at 12:33 pm CDT

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Steven Bassiri

ABOUT THE AUTHOR - Steven Bassiri

Steven went from a fledgling forum reader in 2003 to one of the internet's brightest tech stars by 2010. Armed with an information systems degree, a deep understanding of circuitry, and a passion for tech, Steven (handle Sin0822) enjoys sharing his deep knowledge with others. Steven details products down to the component level to highlight seldom explained, and often misunderstood architectures. Steven is also a highly decorated overclocker with several world records.

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