1 billion years of Earth's evolution shown in just 40 seconds

A team of researchers condensed one billion years of Earth's evolution and tectonic plate movements into a short forty-second video.

1 billion years of Earth's evolution shown in just 40 seconds
Published Oct 10, 2022 4:02 AM CDT   |   Updated Sun, Oct 30 2022 5:53 AM CDT
2 minutes & 6 seconds read time

A group of scientists has condensed 1 billion years of tectonic plate activity into one short 40-second video showing how drastically the planet has changed over time.

In 2021 a group of scientists created one of the most complete models of Earth's tectonic plate movements ever. The video was published on YouTube in February last year and showcases how these incredibly large pieces of irregularly shaped solid rock have moved over the course of millions of years, revealing how locations we know today were in completely different spots on the planet a millennia ago.

An example of this is Antarctica, which is a place known for its extreme freezing temperatures, but at one stage during Earth's evolution, it was warm as it was positioned at the planet's equator. To humans, tectonic plates only move a few centimeters every year, but over large periods of time, they have moved drastically. Creating models such as the one above will enable scientists to learn more about tectonic plate movement patterns and, in turn, will allow for scientists to predict where they will end up in the future.

1 billion years of Earth's evolution shown in just 40 seconds 02

Geoscientist Sabin Zahirovic, from the University of Sydney, explained that Earth is incredibly dynamic and that the way Earth's tectonic plates constantly move and interact with each other is unique and not known among other known rocky planets. Furthermore, Zahirovic said that the speed the plates move is approximately the speed at which fingernails grow, but when one billion years of time is condensed into 40 seconds, it shows just how much they have moved, broken down, reformed, combined with other plates and more.

"Planet Earth is incredibly dynamic, with the surface composed of plates that constantly jostle each other in a way unique among the known rocky planets. These plates move at the speed fingernails grow, but when a billion years is condensed into 40 seconds a mesmerizing dance is revealed. Oceans open and close, continents disperse and periodically recombine to form immense supercontinents," said geoscientist Sabin Zahirovic.

In other science news, a team of researchers that recently published a new paper in a scientific journal have claimed that they have identified the ingredients for the origin of life, which builds on the already established theory that life began in oceans. However, the researchers examined water droplets and found something remarkable. Additionally, Elon Musk and Neil deGrasse Tyson have taken to Twitter to debunk Top Gun: Maverick and how the physics shown in a specific section of the movie are simply impossible.

NEWS SOURCE:sciencealert.com

Jak joined the TweakTown team in 2017 and has since reviewed 100s of new tech products and kept us informed daily on the latest science and space news. Jak's love for science, space, and technology, and, more specifically, PC gaming, began at 10 years old. It was the day his dad showed him how to play Age of Empires on an old Compaq PC. Ever since that day, Jak fell in love with games and the progression of the technology industry in all its forms. Instead of typical FPS, Jak holds a very special spot in his heart for RTS games.

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