A cure for diabetes has been found, stem cells to be the answer

A cure for diabetes is on the horizon using stem cell research as its foundation.

Published   |   Updated Tue, Nov 3 2020 11:44 AM CST
1 minute & 32 seconds read time

A team of researchers may have just stumbled upon the cure for diabetes by fusing mice with stem cells. The results are extremely promising.

A cure for diabetes has been found, stem cells to be the answer | TweakTown.com

For those that don't know much about diabetes, here's a quick summary of the disease. People who have diabetes find it hard for their bodies to produce a reasonable amount of insulin. The current treatment for this is regular exercise, strict diet, and insulin shots. In the human body, the pancreas produces insulin, but in the case of a diabetic, their pancreas does not produce enough. This means patients have to monitor their blood sugar levels and directly inject insulin into their bloodstream.

In the new study, researchers led by Jeffrey Millman from Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri, found that using pluripotent stem cells (iPS cells), which are stem cells that can be manipulated into becoming almost any cell in the body, they can cure diabetes. Unfortunately, when using these stem cells, not all of them convert into the desired cell, in this case, insulin-producing cells. This means that some random cells enter the bloodstream along with converted insulin cells.

Millman spoke to Atlas and said, "The more off-target cells you get, the less therapeutically relevant cells you have. You need about a billion beta cells to cure a person of diabetes. But if a quarter of the cells you make are actually liver cells or other pancreas cells, instead of needing a billion cells, you'll need 1.25 billion. It makes curing the disease 25% more difficult."

So, what the researchers did was infuse these cells into diabetic mice and monitored their blood sugar levels. What they found was the mice were "functionally cured" of diabetes for up to nine months, as their blood sugar levels stabilized back to normal.

Even though these tests are in animals and not humans, it still proves that diabetes can theoretically be cured. The researchers and scientists plan on more testing in larger animals and eventually humans.

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Jak joined the TweakTown team in 2017 and has since reviewed 100s of new tech products and kept us informed daily on the latest science and space news. Jak's love for science, space, and technology, and, more specifically, PC gaming, began at 10 years old. It was the day his dad showed him how to play Age of Empires on an old Compaq PC. Ever since that day, Jak fell in love with games and the progression of the technology industry in all its forms. Instead of typical FPS, Jak holds a very special spot in his heart for RTS games.

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