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NASA's first flight: Space exploration had a rough start

Just 11 days after it has been officially established, NASA launched its first spacecraft - Pioneer 1.

@LanaJelic
Published Tue, Oct 11 2016 12:31 PM CDT   |   Updated Tue, Nov 3 2020 11:58 AM CST

In its 58 years of existence, NASA can boast with many achievements. They sent the first people to the Moon, rovers on Mars and many probes and spacecraft to explore the universe. Just this year, NASA found strong evidence of water plumes on Europa, Jupiter's moon, they sent OSIRIS-REx probe to study asteroid 101955 Bennu, we got a better perspective of Jupiter and Mars, they discovered K2-33b, a very young super-Neptune exoplanet, thanks to Kepler who also discovered 100 Earth-sized planets and NASA's Hubble Space Telescope had shattered the cosmic distance record by measuring the farthest galaxy ever seen in the universe. And this is just scratching the surface of NASA's this year's discoveries and accomplishments.

NASA's first flight: Space exploration had a rough start 01 | TweakTown.com
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For decades, NASA is changing the way we see the universe. Their findings contributed to a better understanding of our planet and everything that surrounds it.

It all began back in 1958, just 11 days after NASA has been officially established. On this day, October 11th, 1958, NASA had launched its first spacecraft - Pioneer 1.

The launch was successful, but the spacecraft didn't reach its goal - the Moon, due to a programming error in the upper stage causing a slight error in burnout velocity and angle. This resulted in a ballistic trajectory with a peak altitude of 113,800 km. The spacecraft ended transmission when it reentered the Earth's atmosphere after 43 hours of flight on October 13. However, Pioneer 1 sent a small quantity of useful scientific information before it fell into the Pacific ocean.

NASA's first flight: Space exploration had a rough start 02 | TweakTown.com

NASA's Pioneer program continued until 1978, and during that time they sent many spacecraft to investigate the universe. The most notable missions were Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11, which explored the outer planets and left the solar system. Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11 carried a golden plaque, depicting a man and a woman and information about the origin and the creators of the probes, in case any extraterrestrials find them someday.

NASA lost contact with Pioneer 10 in 2003 with the probe at a distance of 12 billion kilometers (7.5 billion miles), and Pioneer 11 in 1995.

Lana has a passion for technology and science. She spends her time looking for the latest and most interesting technology and science news. Her passion is in gadgets, wearables, and other cool and interesting applications of technology or science. She also spends her free time gaming in MMOs like World of Warcraft. She has prior experience covering technology for publications and breaking news. If she’s not doing either, you might just find her exploring the metaverse in VR. Lana wants to expand TweakTown’s coverage of mobile, wearables and gadgets while also bringing her experience with science and general tech to TweakTown. Her area of coverage is around science, technology, smartphones, wearables, and general neat gadgets. She hopes to one day be able to drive around in her self-driving car while she schedules an appointment for a SpaceX trip to the moon on her smartwatch.

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