Apparent Martian groundwater may be something else entirely

Bright radar reflections seen from under the polar cap of Mars could be liquid water but may only be volcanic rock under some ice.

@AdamHuntTT
Published Tue, Jan 25 2022 4:00 AM CST   |   Updated Mon, Feb 21 2022 1:33 PM CST

A new study clarifying the origin of the apparent groundwater has been published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters.

Apparent Martian groundwater may be something else entirely 01 | TweakTown.com

Researchers from the University of Texas at Austin have determined that what was previously thought to be liquid water at the Martian south pole was likely a mirage. In 2018, scientists observed bright radar reflections under the polar cap, but now researchers conclude the observation is likely volcanic rock buried under ice.

"For water to be sustained this close to the surface, you need both a very salty environment and a strong, locally generated heat source, but that doesn't match what we know of this region," said the study's lead author, Cyril Grima from the University of Texas Institute for Geophysics (UTIG).

By overlaying an imaginary ice sheet over a radar map of Mars, the researchers could compare observations of Martian terrain across the planet with those of the polar cap. Similar bright reflections were observed in this scenario to those at the polar cap, particularly in volcanic plains regions. Isaac Smith, a Mars geophysicist at York University, believes the radar signatures could be from "a kind of clay" made when water erodes rock.

"I think the beauty of Grima's finding is that while it knocks down the idea there might be liquid water under the planet's south pole today, it also gives us really precise places to go look for evidence of ancient lakes and riverbeds and test hypotheses about the wider drying out of Mars' climate over billions of years," said Smith.

You can read more from the study here.

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NEWS SOURCES:phys.org, doi.org

Adam grew up watching his dad play Turok 2 and Age of Empires on a PC in his computer room, and learned a love for video games through him. Adam was always working with computers, which helped build his natural affinity for working with them, leading to him building his own at 14, after taking apart and tinkering with other old computers and tech lying around. Adam has always been very interested in STEM subjects, and is always trying to learn more about the world and the way it works.

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