Science, Space, Health & Robotics News - Page 252
Imagine watching a galaxy level battle between two galaxies fighting it out to see who is going to win on the consumption level. The Milky Way is an undefeated champion in this regard as 10 billion years ago it swallowed up a fellow galaxy.
About 10 billion years ago, the Milky Way had a "violent collision" with another galaxy. Researchers from the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias (IAC) used the Gaia space telescope to observe the position, brightness and distance of over 1 million stars in the Milky Way. The observation was within 6,500 light years of the Sun and indentified two clusters of stars - one set being "blue" and containing less metal and the other "red" containing more.
From this observation the researchers were able to determine that each of the sets of stars were equally as old, except that the blue set had been set into a "chaotic" motion. This is the evidence of The Milky Way swallowing up another galaxy around 10 billion years ago. "The novelty of our work is that we have been able to assign precise ages to the stars that belong to the galaxies that merged and, by knowing these ages, when the merger took place," Carme Gallart, lead author of the study published in Nature Astronomy.
Venezuela has been plunged into darkness for the fourth time this year with another nationwide blackout hitting the country, in something that Venezuelan officials are calling a hostile "electromagnetic attack".
The blackout has taken most of the country down including the capital Caracas, with close to 94% of the Venezeulan telecommunications infrastructure affected. Internet connectivity in the country has dropped to 10% nationwide, which means we're not hearing much out of the country and whatever comes out, is in drips.
The Venezuelan government released a statement on Twitter saying the blackout was "an electromagnetic attack" but didn't point any fingers in who did it. Officials are working around the clock to restore power and internet cconnectivity, while working on supplies like food and water, as well as health services and transportation.
Elon Musk is the real-life Tony Stark of our age, founding companies such as Tesla and SpaceX and pioneering some of the best technology advancements in their respective fields.
SpaceX is currently designing a selection of rockets, some of which are eventually aimed at to at taking us humans to Mars. The rocket that is shaping up to be the winner of the Mars race is SpaceX's Super Heavy Rocket. Originally, the Super Heavy Rocket was planned to have 31 next-generation Raptor Engines, each of the engines are powered by cryogenic liquid methane and liquid oxygen. Ignition of both of these substances creates 200 tonnes of force per engine, and the Super Heavy Rocket now has 41 of them on at launch.
Musk recently took to Twitter to answer a fans question regarding the full stack of engines on the rocket. Musk replied with "Full stack is 41 rn, but kinda beggin for just one more ..." SpaceX's Super Heavy booster will be launching the 100-passenger Starship vehicle towards Mars. Starship will be powered by 6 Raptors, which explains the total of 41 - Super Heavy having 35 + Starship having 6. Funnily enough, SpaceX already has one round flight booked to the moon, Yusaku Maezawa will be taking the Starship Super Heavy rocket around the moon sometime in 2023.
During the 50th anniversary for the Apollo 11 Moon missions, Vice President, Mike Pence shared with the American people some great news surrounding the next moon mission, Artemis 1.
NASA is currently planning on returning to the moon by 2024, and to do that the space exploration company needs to do two preparation tests on their brand new spacecraft called Orion. This new space program has been called Artemis by NASA - in honor of Apollo's twin sister in Greek Mythology and will consist of three stages.
The Artemis 1 launch will an uncrewed spacecraft thousands of miles past the moon. Artemis 2 will consist of the astronaunts actually being aboard Orion, and then finally Artemis 3 will be the launch where American astronauts will step foot back on the moon. Before these checkpoints of the Artemis space program can go underway, there still needs to be some final tests done to Orion before its blasted off into space.
A recent discovery has come out from the Faulty of Physics, University of Warsaw and University of Oxford regarding Quantum Computation and how it is much faster then standard methods we are using today.
According to the scientists from the mentioned Universities, the discovery has been deemed the 'Holy Grail' of computer science and will unlock more faster and more accurate data processing. The studies suggests that with this now new found knowledge, quantum technologies could boost applications such as medical diagnostics, robotics, artificial intelligence and much more.
Since the the 1970's, we have been using the Fast Fourier Transform algorithm (FFT). This algorithm makes it possible to efficiently compress and transmit data, store pictures, broadcast digital TV and talk over our phones. While this algorithm is widely used, it still has limited capabilities. The answer to these limitations has now be found in the power of Quantum Mechanics with what has been called the Quantum Fourier Transform (QFT).
Ever wondered the fastest possible time with a Rubik's Cube? Its not by a human, but of course an artificial intelligence and boy its quick.
Above we have Ben Katz and Jared Di Carlo who have engineered a robot that can solve a Rubik's Cube much faster than humanly possible. This robot can solve a puzzle in just 0.38 seconds, which is the current record on paper. This news came out in March of last year, but now we have a new invention in the artificial intelligence Rubik's Cube solving field. This time, researchers behind DeepCubeA have managed to teach their artificial intelligence through human experience to solve a cube in 1.2 seconds.
While this might not be as fast as Katz and Di Carlo's demonstration, DeepCubeA's AI managed to solve the cube in less moves. This is because the system focuses on using real learning experience and to improve speeds. DeepCubeA equipped their AI with roughly 10 billion different puzzle combinations, this repertoire of combinations allowed for the AI to complete the puzzle in just 28 moves. The average human takes around 50 moves to solve a Rubik's Cube.
Israeli-Russian physicist, Yuri Milner has decided to partner up with VERITAS to go on the hunt for alien communication code in a completely different way.
Yuri Milner decided to fund Breakthrough Listen, a science based program with the initiative of discovering extraterrestrial intelligence somewhere across the cosmos. To help them do that, Breakthrough have partnered up with VERITAS, or - Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System. The goal of the partnership is to basically search the surrounding stars for alien morse code through nanosecond-long optical pulses.
The most conventional way of looking for alien communication is through radio waves, so the line of thinking behind is the project is to stray away from the norm and try something different in hopes of receiving some form of information. As we don't know how aliens communicate, anything is really worth a shot. Its certainly not guaranteed that Breakthrough or VERITAS will stumble across something, but hopefully they do because it will be good to know that we aren't alone out here.
Elon Musk's research company that is creating what could be the bridge between the brain and technology is beginning its testing on human subjects as early as next year.
Musk's Neuralink is the newest technology in brain-interfacing and has the goal of what Musk describes as a way of achieving a "a sort of symbiosis with artificial intelligence." Doing this will pave the way forward for human benefits in the field of medical science and other fields. At the moment the technology is quite new, and for it to be used applicants will have to surrender their skulls to a drilling process that will create the ultra thin holes that are required to insert the Neuralink threading.
While this might seem out of the ball park for human technological capabilities, Musk's company performed tests on rats and the performance results exceeded that of today's systems. The rats that were tested showed exceptional data transfer results, the data was captured through a USB-C port located on the head of the rat, and provided 10x more than what the best current sensors can offer. Long term, Neuralink plans to allow for the electrodes that are planted in the subjects head to be able to communicate wirelessly with chips outside the brain (image above).
Area 51 is going to light up on September 20 for all the right reasons, with a huge crowd of people planning to storm Area 51 in Nevada. The event is being organized on Facebook with 1.6 million people (and it keeps going up) planning to attend Storm Area 51, They Can't Stop All of Us.
The event will see the millions of people at the time meeting at the Area 51 Alien Center tourist attraction and then from there the post says they will "coordinate our entry" into Area 51. Better yet, in case the government starts shooting at people to stop them the post adds that "if we naruto run, we can move faster than their bullets", finishing on a more positive note of "Lets see them aliens". Yeah BOI.
The United States Air Force is putting its military foot to the ground, with Air Force spokesperson Laura McAndrews telling ABC News: "The United States Air Force is aware of the Facebook post. The Nevada Test and Training Range is an area where the Air Force tests and trains combat aircraft. As a matter of practice, we do not discuss specific security measures, but any attempt to illegally access military installations or military training areas is dangerous".
Americans are currently celebrating the 50th Anniversary of the Apollo 11 space launch, and what better way to experience it all over again then with an interactive website that shows you the entire thing.
In celebration of the 50th Anniversary of the Apollo 11 launch that occurred on Wed Jul 16th, 1969 a website has been developed and dedicated to re-living the whole experience. Users can go to this website here which has been sourced entirely of historical material.
Heading over to the website we can see that it can filtered by 'mission milestones', as well as the transcript has been provided and updates in real-time as the launch progresses. There is also images on the right-hand side of the site, each of the images are from the official launch taken by NASA and the astronauts themselves.