Encryption is vital to free speech and government efforts to install backdoors prove to be a violation of human rights against Internet users. The UN report says encryption and Internet anonymity allow for a privacy buffer so they can share their views without the fear of being censored.
There is an effort by the United States, UK and other governments to create backdoors - which could also allow cybercriminals to access information - in an effort to aid law enforcement. If an agency needs to view and monitor encrypted messages, it should only be done on a "case-by-case" basis, and shouldn't be required for the majority of users.
The report will be presented in front of the UN Human Rights Council sometime next month.
"Such protection must include the right to a remedy for a violation," according to the report. "In order for the right to a remedy to be meaningful, individuals must be given notice of any compromise of their privacy through, for instance, weakened encryption or compelled disclosure of user data."