AMD have integrated a real-time operating system (RTOS) into their G-Series of processors. What does this entail, you ask? Well, AMD is now loading Green Hill's Integrity OS into the platform. The embedded system is capable of a bunch of tasks where space and power are at a premium.
This would include devices such as TV set-top boxes, other electronic home devices, industrial control systems, networking, the military, and medicine. You know, just a few of the largest markets in the world.
AMD's G-Series of processors combine a low-power CPU with a discrete graphics core into a single form-factor. The RTOS then provides intelligence upon which application specific code can be written. The Green Hill Integrity OS has integrated middleware functionality that includes support for a bunch of necessities like USB, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and IP routing and switching.
The tech is used across the market in devices like printers, network routers, and cars, which often have to handle actions immediately and with a minimum of overhead.