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Raspberry Pi Camera Module Review and Tutorial Guide

By: Charles Gantt | Guides | Posted: Jul 22, 2013 9:13 pm

Working with the camera


Now that the Raspberry Pi is finished rebooting, you can login and we can begin taking some video and snapshots using basic commands. Later in this article I will show you how to string together some of these commands to create a time-lapse photography setup that is quite energy efficient and should provide 12 hours of use.




Below is a list of the terminal commands that control the basic functionality of the Camera Module.


raspivid Camera App v1.1


Display camera output to display, and optionally saves an H264 capture at requested bitrate.


Usage: raspivid [options]


Image parameter commands


  • -?, --help : This help information
  • -w, --width : Set image width . Default 1920
  • -h, --height : Set image height . Default 1080
  • -b, --bitrate : Set bitrate. Use bits per second (e.g. 10MBits/s would be -b 10000000)
  • -o, --output : Output filename (to write to stdout, use '-o -')
  • -v, --verbose : Output verbose information during run
  • -t, --timeout : Time (in ms) to capture for. If not specified, set to 5s. Zero to disable
  • -d, --demo : Run a demo mode (cycle through range of camera options, no capture)
  • -fps, --framerate : Specify the frames per second to record
  • -e, --penc : Display preview image *after* encoding (shows compression artifacts)
  • -g, --intra : Specify the intra refresh period (key frame rate/GoP size)

    Preview parameter commands


  • -p, --preview : Preview window settings
  • -f, --fullscreen : Fullscreen preview mode
  • -op, --opacity : Preview window opacity (0-255)
  • -n, --nopreview : Do not display a preview window

    Image parameter commands


  • -sh, --sharpness : Set image sharpness (-100 to 100)
  • -co, --contrast : Set image contrast (-100 to 100)
  • -br, --brightness : Set image brightness (0 to 100)
  • -sa, --saturation : Set image saturation (-100 to 100)
  • -ISO, --ISO : Set capture ISO
  • -vs, --vstab : Turn on video stablisation
  • -ev, --ev : Set EV compensation
  • -ex, --exposure : Set exposure mode (see Notes)
  • -awb, --awb : Set AWB mode (see Notes)
  • -ifx, --imxfx : Set image effect (see Notes)
  • -cfx, --colfx : Set colour effect (U:V)
  • -mm, --metering : Set metering mode (see Notes)
  • -rot, --rotation : Set image rotation (0-359)
  • -hf, --hflip : Set horizontal flip
  • -vf, --vflip : Set vertical flip




Exposure mode options: off,auto,night,nightpreview,backlight,spotlight,sports,snow,beach,verylong,fixedfps,antishake,fireworks


AWB mode options: off,auto,sun,cloud,shade,tungsten,fluorescent,incandescent,flash,horizon


Image Effect mode options: none,negative,solarise,sketch,denoise,emboss,oilpaint,hatch,gpen,pastel,watercolour,film,blur,saturation,colourswap,washedout,posterise,colourpoint,colourbalance,cartoon


Metering Mode options: average,spot,backlit,matrix

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