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How to make a motherboard (GIGABYTE Nanping Factory Tour)

By: Steven Bassiri | Editorials in Motherboards | Posted: Jun 23, 2015 2:12 pm



GIGABYTE informed everyone that they test every motherboard before it leaves the factory to reduce RMAs and DOA motherboards.




This poster shows 32 tests that are run by one machine in the testing process.





While the machine in the picture looks quite old, don't be alarmed, GIGABYTE isn't still producing and testing LGA775 motherboards. Instead this is a mock setup to show us how they test.







GIGABYTE factory workers are packing motherboards and accessories into boxes.




Motherboards are bundled into large boxes which are then automatically wrapped in plastic and placed on pallets to be shipped around the globe.



Final Thoughts


The process of motherboard construction can be summarized in a single sentence: "The PCB has SMD and DIP components placed/inserted onto it and then soldered on permanently, then the motherboard is tested for functionality, packaged, and finally shipped". Of course, the actual process is more tedious and intricate than even this article makes it out to be, but it's a really interesting process.


I was very impressed by the speed of the process, especially with all the quality control that GIGABYTE implements at every stage. From what I could tell, GIGABYTE values its employees, enough to make sure that we didn't infect them or the factory. A few years ago, there were all those stories about how the conditions at Foxconn's factories were terrible, but I see none of that at GIGABYTE's Nanping Taiwan location. The workers seemed happy and worked harmoniously, and GIGABYTE should be commended for maintaining a factory in Taiwan when most others have left for cheaper locations in China and Southeast Asia.




You might notice (on the monitor) some unreleased (100 series) products are on track for production at Nanping. The entire process requires a lot of behind the scenes action, and this monitor shows a schedule for one machine. Whether it's maintaining supplies of components, training workers, maintenance of the machines, or managing the entire process, there are many steps in the process and GIGABYTE's operation isn't a small one. Decades of research and development have resulted in a facility capable of producing PC motherboards at an astounding rate, and it was really awesome to see how motherboards are made.

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