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Intel Pentium 4 @ 3.06GHz with Hyper-Threading - Hyper-Threading Technology

The Pentium 4 processor at 3.06GHz is here and it certainly means business not only breaking the impressive 3GHz barrier but sporting a new technology called Hyper-Threading (HT). Wouldn't it be nice to have dual processing support from a single processor? Well in theory, at least, you can with the latest processor from Intel. Read on as Cameron "Sov" Johnson takes us on a discovery of the Pentium 4 3.06GHz processor to determine whether or not HT and a little extra core speed boast is worth our upgrading dollars or not!

| Intel CPUs in CPUs, Chipsets & SoCs | Posted: Nov 13, 2002 5:00 am
TweakTown Rating: 9.5%      Manufacturer: Intel

Hyper-Threading Technology - 1 = 2

 

Hyper-Threading technology makes a single "physical" processor appear as two "Logical" processors under a Multi-processor operating system. To do this, there is one copy of the architecture state for each "logical" processor, and the "logical" processors share a single set of "physical" execution sources. In short this means that there are two architecture storage mediums but one actual layer of CPU. From a software perspective, this means operating systems and user programs can schedule processes or threads as they are known as, to each logical processor as they would on conventional physical processors, in short, the multi CPU OS's are none the wiser that there is actually only one single CPU.

 

Each logical processor maintains a complete set of architecture state. This architecture state consists of registers, including the general-purpose registers, the control registers, the advanced programmable interrupt controller (commonly known as APIC, yes that setting in the BIOS of some motherboards) and some machine state registers. From the software's point of view, once the architecture state is duplicated, the OS and other programs see 2 separate processors.

 

This implementation of Hyper-Threading technology only added around 5% to the die size of the already small Intel Pentium 4 CPU. Since the die itself is covered by the Integrated Heat Spreader (HIS) you will see no actual changes in the chip itself as compared to usual.

 

Further Reading: Read and find more CPUs, Chipsets & SoCs content at our CPUs, Chipsets & SoCs reviews, guides and articles index page.

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