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In something that sounds completely stunning, researchers from the University of Wisconsin Medical School have published a preliminary study in the journal Science Translational Medicine, where they have successfully created 170 sets of vocal cords in a lab.
The created vocal cords don't require the normal set of immunosuppressants that normal transplants require, with study senior author Nathan Welham telling Buzzfeed: "We never imagined that we would see the impressive level of function that we did". The researchers started off with collecting cellular samples from four volunteers and one cadaver, then grew them on collagen scaffolds.
It took just two weeks for the sample cells to grow into functional vocal cords, and once they did, the researchers began testing the bioengineered larynxes by grafting them onto the kidneys of lab mice to prove the grown vocal cords wouldn't be rejected by their new hosts. These initial tests were completely successful, with the next step for the researchers is to hold longer immune response trials in mice before moving onto larger animals in the near future.
Japan's National Institute of Informatics has said that its AI program has achieved an above average score on the country's standardized college entrance exam.
Corporate and university researchers have been developing the AI system since 2011, with the latest exam by the AI scoring 511 out of a possible 950. The national average is 416, with the institute adding that the AI system would have an 80% chance of being accepted into the 33 national universities, and 441 private colleges.
The text covers five subjects, with the AI program performing the best when it comes to history and math. In physics, the AI system wasn't so great, which is said to be because of its shortcomings in processing language.
A new algorithm has been developed in order to read human facial expressions better than anything else could possibly do. This technology has been designed to read 'micro expressions', a term described as small facial cues and expressions which can give away internal thoughts or feelings.
This artificial intelligence can recognize and analyze these facial movements, something which the MIT Technology Review points out as often occurring "when individuals hide their feelings under conditions of relatively high stakes."
Recording a video at 100 frames per second, this machine was utilized by the researchers to study 20 subjects while they were watching an emotional video, this new discovery was able to pinpoint and analyze every time something was trying to break out from within.
It looks like Facebook's investments into artificial intelligence are going to be quite important in the years to come, with Mark Zuckerberg confirming that Facebook's AI could outperform humans within 10 years. Facebook's AI system has been dubbed M, after James Bond's secretary, Moneypenny.
During an interview with Fast Company, the Facebook CEO and founder said that the social network's investments into AI are extensive. Zuckerberg hoped that the AI would eventually organize diaries, and recognize pictures of friends and family automatically. Zuckerberg said: "One of our goals for the next five to 10 years. is to basically get better than human level at all of the primary human senses: vision, hearing, language, general cognition". Zuckerberg added: "Taste and smell, we're not that worried about".
Facebook wants to take advantage of the huge amount of data that people producing every day, with Facebook's VP of Engineering Jay Parikh adding: "There's just going to be a lot more data generated about what's happening in the world, and the conventional models and systems that we have today won't scale. If there's 10x or 20x or 50x more things happening around you in the world, then you're going to need these really, really intelligent systems like".
Japan wants to show off the latest in its lander technology, so the Japanese government's space agency has announced plans for an unmanned mission to the moon for 2019.
Once it touches down on the moon, Japan will be the fourth country to have conducted an unmanned moon landing. Before them, China touched down in 2013, and before that we saw the US and Russia with missions to our moon. Japan's lunar lander will be developed with brand new technology that will allow it to land within 100m of its initial mark. Previous missions from competing countries have a much wider margin.
Japan will also use other technologies to improve the accuracy, with a facial recognition system that will observe the surface of the moon to help make its required adjustments. The development of the new lander will begin next year.
A little more than a year ago, Orbital Sciences and NASA teamed up to launch the Antares rocket from the NASA Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia. The unmanned mission -- intended to deliver food and equipment to the International Space Station (ISS) -- was not successful: the rocket exploded within seconds of launching. The ISS was said to be "in no danger of running out of food or other critical supplies", however.
While unfortunate, the event did produce some stunning photographs, which NASA released last week. Our choice favourites are below; you can see the full batch of photos in extremely high resolution here.
The NFL is an impressively progressive organization technology-wise, recently implementing the use of sensors in shoulder pads to deliver player data, tiny digital cameras, Surface tablets, and Internet feeds are now used for replays instead of the slower tape and radio technology, and virtual reality is being tested for player training and looked into for broadcasting.
Now the NFL -- specifically, its head of football technology John Cave -- is thinking about even more strides. That is, a future where ball sensors determine whether a player had possession prior to a fumble, or whether his foot was out of bounds -- calls like these are among the most contentious in the league. He sees this possibly happening within five to 10 years.
Scientists at the University of Tokyo's Institute of Industrial Science have created a new type of glass that is insanely strong, where it is almost as hard as steel.
Assistant Professor at the University of Tokyo, Atsunobu Masuno, said: "We will establish a way to mass-produce the new material shortly. We are looking to commercialize the technique within five years". This breakthrough is significant, as it could, and most likely will lead to the development of much tougher windows, and so much more.
How does the new glass work? The Asahi Shimbun reports: "Oxide glass mainly consists of silicon dioxide, with its strength boosted by mixing in alumina, an oxide of aluminum. But it had been difficult for scientists to form glass containing a large amount of alumina because the oxide causes crystallization when the glass comes into contact with its container".
The scientists went around this problem by using a containerless processing technique. The scientists used gas to push the chemical components into the air, where they were then able to synthesize it to form the glass. From there, the glass was colorless, transparent, super touch, with 50% of it being composed of alumina. The modulus of the new glass, the indicator of rigidity, was twice as high compared to typical oxide glass and nearly the same level as steel and iron.
Yamaha doesn't just build guitars, it also builds robots riding motorcycles, apparently. That's the case with its "Motobot" which it showed off at the Tokyo Motor Show this week.
The long-term goal is to have Motobot ride an unmodified motorcycle autonomously at over 200 km/h. As you can see in the video above, much progress has been made.
The second annual Love and Sex with Robots conference was scheduled to be held in Malayasia this year, a conscious choice related to the Advances in Computer Entertainment Technology (ACE) conference being held there as well. But Malayasian authorities were much less welcoming to the former, and shut it down and banned it before it began.
Topics that were to be discussed include "teledildonics," "intelligent electronic sex hardware," and "roboethics."
While its organizers defend the conference as academic, authorities were put off by the title, saying, "It is an offense to have anal sex in Malaysia, what more with robots." Public backlash encouraged in part by media was abound, which in part, provoked the police response. It should be noted Malaysia is a deeply religious country.