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After a 37-year journey through our solar system, NASA's Voyager I has been hit by a third solar 'tsunami'. These solar tsunamis are coming from our sun, in the form of coronal mass ejections - in other words, shock waves from massive, violent eruptions on our sun.
Since 2012, there have been three of these CMEs, with the third one erupting on Monday. These eruptions have been helping NASA confirm something it proposed late last year: that Voyager is the first craft from Earth to travel into interstellar space. But what is interstellar space? Well, it's an area that is just beyond what is known as our heliosphere.
The heliosphere is an area where solar wind pushes back the dense plasma of space, in something that resembles a protective bubble. This plasma is the result of the death of stars millions of years ago. What should really make your scratch your noggin' is that the plasma found outside of the heliosphere, and in interstellar space, is 40 times denser than the plasma inside of the heliosphere.
Researchers have discovered that the force of an improvised explosive device (IED), not including shrapnel or surrounding particles, can lead to significant damage to soldiers. Using pig eyes located in artificial holders, the researchers use violent shock waves to try to simulate what happens during an IED blast - hoping to be able to provide better medical treatment for military personnel suffering from eye injuries.
In addition to faster medical treatment following an IED attack, researchers want to develop better eyewear able to keep soldiers safe while out on patrol. Ocular injuries currently amount to 13 percent of overall battlefield injuries, ranking No. 4 on the common injury list.
"The big thing that we found, that no one had seen before, is that the shock wave itself is sufficient to cause significant damage to the eye," said Matthew Reilly, biomedical engineering at University of Texas at San Antonio, in a statement. "The current military eyewear that they use to protect soldiers is designed based on particle impact rather than dealing with the blast wave."
CybAero, a Swedish company specializing in its unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) helicopter, has received an order of 70 rotary-wing drones, valued at $100 million over eight years. Assuming the deal is approved by the Swedish Agency for Non-Proliferation and Export Controls department, the Chinese AVIC company will receive shipments for the unmanned helicopters.
This is the largest UAV vertical take-off and landing involving drones less than 200kilograms, according to the company, and will provide stability for CybAero to continue developing its UAV helicopters.
"This represents a breakthrough in the market for the civil application of unmanned helicopters," said Mikael Hult, CybAero CEO, in a statement. "Our goal is to become the global market leader with at least 30 percent of the global market. Through this order, which is our biggest to date, we've taken a significant step towards achieving this goal."
United States Navy researchers are developing a carbon-fiber cloud missile defense system, known as "Pandarra Fog," able to help defend against missile attacks. As part of a recent test, the fog was able to shroud the USS Meyer, USS Cable and USS Mustin while in the ocean south of Guam in late June. In addition to making ships more difficult to strike, the Navy hopes to use it for counter-targeting against enemy threats.
The exact physical makeup of Pandarra Fog remains unknown, but is said to be no harm to the environment or sailors near the fog. The carbon fiber particle-based clouds are created using a device located aboard the ships, described as maritime obscurant generator prototypes, and should better help defend against anti-ship cruise and ballistic missiles.
"Pandarra Fog showed the value of quickly bringing together scientific and joint forces to tackle our hardest warfighting problems," said Antonio Siordia, U.S. 7th Fleet science advisor. "This isn't just smoke or chaff, this is high-tech obscurant which can be effective against an array of missile homing systems."
A group of volunteers has been working out of an old abandoned McDonalds on the campus of NASA's Ames Research Center in Mountain View. These researchers have been working to establish communications with an old NASA satellite called ISEE-3 that was retasked decades ago by NASA to study comets.
The team was able to establish communications, but was unable to get the spacecraft to fire its thrusters previously. The team has announced that it has now been able to get the thrusters to fire before the satellite was too far away and lost again for thousands of years.
The ultimate goal of the volunteers is to get ISEE-3 back to the Earth-sun Lagrange point 1 to resume its original task of observing solar winds. NASA has to give the volunteer team the final approval to bring the satellite into its intended orbit.
Fossilized remains of the largest flying bird ever discovered have been identified after being unearthed 30 years ago. It has taken scientists that long to identify the species, but the identification is complete. Scientists say that the massive bird would have resembled a seagull with a wingspan between 20 and 24-feet.
The fossil was discovered in South Carolina and scientists on the project say that the fossil is remarkable for its size and its preservation. The skull is said to be remarkably intact and the scientists are surprised that the bird made it to the bottom of the ancient sea without being destroyed by scavengers.
Scientists say that despite its massive size, the bird would have been a very elegant flier. The team believes that the massive bird would have used air currents to soar over the ocean looking for food.
NASA is going to use Google smartphones with 3D technology at the International Space Station (ISS), helping robots conduct operations on the orbiting research lab. There is specific focus in having 3D technology help with the Synchronized Position Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellites (SPHERES), aiming to help reduce workload for astronauts.
The Google devices will launch to the ISS later this month, and could provide a much-needed technology boost in space. The Project Tango devices from Google feature support for a motion-tracking camera and infrared depth sensor, with the ability to track sharp angles and develop 3D maps.
"We wanted to add communication, a camera, increase the processing capability, accelerometers and other sensors," said Chris Provencher, Smart SPHERES project manager, in an interview with Reuters. "As we were scratching our heads thinking about what to do, we realized the answer was in our hands. Let's just use smartphones."
NASA has awarded a contract to Boeing for a heavy duty rocket to be used on future space missions. The contract is to design and build the Space Launch System rocket that will be used to put astronauts on the moon and beyond. The new SLS rocket will be more powerful than the Saturn 5 rocket used in the past.
The first SLS rocket will make its maiden flight putting an unmanned Orion capsule into space in 2017. The second flight will be a manned mission and is planned for 2021. NASA has plans to build a more powerful version of the SLS in the future to put four person crews into space and take them to asteroids and eventually to Mars.
The Boeing contract is worth $2.8 billion and will see the company developing avionics and the SLS core stage. Funding for early studies into a new upper stage needed for exploration missions in the future is included in the contract.
Foxconn should be one of the first companies to deploy robots to build consumer devices, with Apple reportedly being the first company to make use of these new "Foxbots" as they're referred to.
These new Foxbots will be capable of assembling an average of 30,000 devices, costing somewhere between $20,000 to $25,000 per robot to make. Foxconn CEO Terry Gou has already said that these robots are in their final testing phase, with the company ready to unleash 10,000 robots into its factories. With Foxconn being the biggest partner for Apple in assembling its iOS-based devices like the iPhone, iPad and iPod, this could be big news for the Foxconn.
We already knew that Foxconn laid out plans to replace some of its human workers with some 1 million robots, but the time frame of this may shift. Apple is even chipping in, investing a hefty $10.5 billion on the advanced supply chain technology, with some of this investment sliding over to advanced machinery, something that includes assembly robots. Foxconn has hired an additional 100,000 new workers to help assemble the upcoming iPhone 6 for Apple, with production expected to ramp up next month for a launch in September.
The United States Army hopes to see it soldiers utilize autonomous vehicles that will help keep them safer while on the battlefield. In additional to heightened situational awareness, autonomous vehicles can help increase safety with vision enhancements, tip-over warnings, collision avoidance and obstacle detection while driving.
Using the U.S. Army Tank Automotive Research Development and Engineering Center's 30-Year Ground Vehicle Strategy's autonomous technology, new generation military vehicles can become optionally-manned. Government contractor Lockheed-Martin is one company developing autonomous vehicles, and presented the following scenario: If a patrol comes under enemy fire, the autonomous features can activate so soldiers are able to focus on defending against the attack.
"These are disruptive ideas and capabilities," said Dr. Paul D. Rogers, U.S. Army Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center (TARDEC) director, in a recent interview. "We're about harvesting their technologies and integrating them into a package that offers operational relevance to the warfighter, capabilities they don't have today."