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Science, Space & Robotics Posts - Page 14

NASA has successfully 3D printed the first object on the ISS

NASA is doing some cool things on-board the International Space Station, with the US space agency taking up a 3D printer and printing out some cool faceplate.

 

 

The experiment has revealed to NASA that parts stick to the print tray much more in space and its microgravity, than they do on Earth. It's possible that plastic layers bond differently in zero-gravity, than they do here on Earth. More 3D-printed objects will be printed, but they won't be coming back down to Earth until next year.

Continue reading 'NASA has successfully 3D printed the first object on the ISS' (full post)

US Army looks to test bug-inspired robot able to assist soldiers

The US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) is working with robotic systems that provide a wide-field of vision that can improve 3D mapping and motion estimation for future technologies. Carnegie Mellon University is helping participate in the Micro-Autonomous Systems Technology Collaborative Technology Alliance (MASTCTA), with more partnerships in the works.

 

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"The upcoming tests are a small example of a much larger effort," said Brett Piekarski, Collaborative Alliance manager. "The university researchers across the consortium work with the Army researchers to come up with systems that can provide Soldier/robot teaming, and be transitioned to industry."

 

The US military wants increased collaboration from the private sector, in an effort to provide soldiers on the ground increased battlefield awareness.

Japan's robotics industry recovering, as country develops new designs

Japan has endured a major economic slump in recent years, but the country's robotics industry is rebounding as new research funds are becoming available. The Japanese government reportedly wants to utilize more than 30 million SoftBank "Pepper" humanoid robots able to help greet customers in stores, direct guests in hotels, and other unique interactions with regular people.

 

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Robots, especially humanoids, have a unique ability to not only serve a role in factories and production facilities, but interact with the general public.

 

"The companies that want to use these kinds of robots are increasing rapidly, so these humanoid robots will keep evolving, become faster and even more efficient," said Toshifum Tsuji, manager of Nextage, which is using robots in its factory outside of Tokyo. "The robots have cameras and they can find defects which are hard to find for humans. I think they are helping us make better products."

Microsoft Silicon Valley campus by Knightscope's K5 security robot

The Microsoft Silicon Valley campus located in Mountain View, California, is now being patrolled by Knightscope's K5 security guard robot. The 5-foot-tall, 300-pound robots are designed to keep company property and visitors safe, while helping augment security personnel.

 

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The K5 is an "autonomous data machine" that has a "commanding but friendly physical presence," including multiple HD cameras, license plate reader, multiple microphones, alarms, weather sensors, Wi-Fi, sirens and GPS - and they can alert human security guards if an incident is occurring.

 

It's unknown what other companies are interested in leasing K5 to patrol their campuses, malls, and parking lots - but should garner interest in the future.

Drone strikes racking up death toll of mistakenly identified targets

The use of military attack drones were pitched to US citizens as a way to launch organized airstrikes against specific targets, while also keeping US military personnel out of harm's way. However, the collateral damage - and accidental bombing due to poor military intelligence - has killed 1,147 people while the military targeted just 41 men, according to human rights groups.

 

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Drone strikes against 24 targets in Pakistan, for example, have led to 874 deaths, with multiple unsuccessful strikes only lead to even more strikes. US Secretary of State John Kerry previously said the CIA and military only launch drone strikes against targets that have been vetted over a period of time, though cases of mistaken identity appear to be increasing as well.

 

"Drone strikes have been sold to the American public on the claim that they're 'precise,'" but they are only as precise at the intelligence that feeds them," according to Jennifer Gibson, US attorney and Reprieve staff member. "There is nothing precise about intelligence that results in the deaths of 28 unknown people, including women and children, for every 'bad guy' the US goes after."

Mini-drones increasing in popularity, as questions remain

The use of mini-drones has captured the attention of military contractors, but have great potential in the private world and commercial industry.

 

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It wasn't too long ago when drones in the private sector were extremely expensive, but as technological advances develop, the overall price is continuing to drop. In addition, there is a booming private sector dedicated to the design and sale of drones that can be easily flown by citizens. In the future, drones will continue to expand away outside of military and government use, and will develop even further among private citizens.

 

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is currently drafting guidelines that will outline private drone use - but until then - the market is still essentially a new-age version of the wild west.

New Mexico Spaceport Authority seeking new space customers

The New Mexico Spaceport Authority is trying to attract new customers willing to launch commercial flights from Spaceport America, but those efforts hit a bump in the road when Virgin Galactic SpaceShipTwo suffered a "serious anomaly" that left one test pilot dead. With the Virgin Galactic flights delayed, New Mexico could lose up to $1.7 million per year, as authority officials try to find new temporary revenue streams.

 

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Leasing the facility for outside functions such as photo and video shoots, fashion shows and similar activities will help ease the financial bleeding - but the true benefit could be from UP Aerospace and other future rocket launches. SpaceX's tests of a reusable rocket is expected to begin in spring 2015, which will add much-needed revenue.

 

The State of New Mexico has invested almost $220 million into space tourism, but lawmakers are increasingly concerned about the state's investment.

Introducing the Purefresh odor-eating toilet seat from Kohler

Kohler, a well-known manufacturer of bathroom and kitchen products, has introduced the new Purefresh deodorizing toilet seat that can kill certain bathroom smells that most people want to hide. The battery-operated toilet seat has a $90 price tag and is able to intake air and pass it through an odor-eating carbon filter - and an optional scent pack.

 

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The toilet seats were launched on Nov. 10, just in time to put under the Christmas tree, with carbon filters available for $6.99. The carbon filters and two D batteries required to operate the toilet seat should be able to last up to six months.

 

Not surprisingly, trying to develop an appealing odor-eating toilet seat isn't anything new, and it has been done before. Brondell launched a similar no-odor toilet seat, but it was pulled from the market after about five years.

PR2 robot will help you do your laundry, take care of household chores

The University of California at Berkeley demonstrated the PR2 robot in 2010, a robot designed to help take care of laundry -and the research is advancing nicely. During the demonstration four years ago, it took the robot around 20 minutes per towel, but it continues to speed up as research developments mature.

 

 

A large portion of the overlooked and mundane steps that can be easily done by humans, however, has proven to be difficult to assign for PR2. Steps ranging from locating dirty laundry and picking it up to transporting the laundry to the washer, putting in detergent and then placing the clothes into the dryer are difficult.

 

In Japan, where an aging population needs assistance as the age gap widens, Japanese researchers are developing robots designed to aid in daily chores and activities.

Continue reading 'PR2 robot will help you do your laundry, take care of household chores' (full post)

Army working on small aerial drone that weighs just 0.5 grams

The US Army Natick Soldier Research, Development and Engineering Center (NSRDEC) is working on a pocket-sized drone that can fly for 20 minutes, giving ground troops real-time video of the surrounding area. Soldiers would be able to easily carry the drone as part of the Cargo Pocket Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (CP-ISR) program.

 

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Soldiers in the UK have tested the PD-100 Black Hornet palm-sized helicopter, manufactured by Prox Dynamics, and similar drone technologies would be able to benefit US soldiers. Besides the extremely small size of the drone, being able to transmit footage directly to ground soldiers would be extremely beneficial.

 

"The Cargo Pocket ISR is a true example of an applied systems approach for developing new Soldier capabilities," said Dr. Laurel Allender, NSRDEC acting technical director recently said. "It provides an integrated capability for the Soldier and small unit for increased situational awareness and understanding with negligible impact on Soldier load and agility."

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