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Science, Space & Robotics Posts - Page 10

Stanford University will study effects of artificial intelligence

Stanford University will study artificial intelligence over the next 100 years, as part of a long-lasting study to see how AI impacts the US economy, war, crime, and society as a whole. There is growing concern that AI developments, while extremely impressive, could displace human workers and create something that may have disastrous long-term effects.




"Loss of control of A.I. systems has become a big concern," said Dr. Horvitz, Microsoft Research managing director, in a statement to the New York Times. "Rather than simply dismiss these dystopian claims, he said, scientists instead must monitor and continually evalutate the technologies. Even if the anxieties are unwarranted, they need to be addressed."


Dr. Horvitz will lead a committee of leading computer, math and engineering professors and representatives from around the country - and carefully chosen scientists will create a report on the current state of AI that will be published in late 2015.

Community college plans to create indoor drone pavilion for students

Students studying unmanned aerial systems and aviation at the Sinclair Community College in Dayton, Ohio, will be able to test their creations in a custom 40-foot high pavilion. The school wanted students to be able to test their flying aircraft in a controlled environment, while also not worrying about any Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) restrictions.




"We think it is really important for students to be able to experience the capabilities of flying, said Deb Norris, Sinclair VP for workforce development and corporate services, in a statement published by the Associated Press.


As drones are expected to have a larger role in the United States, colleges and universities want to prepare students for job opportunities - and to give them real-world training in how to design, repair, and use them.

Seattle non-profit group has bizarre idea: wants to compost the dead

Seattle non-profit group Urban Death Project has a wacky idea: to provide human composting, so recently deceased human bodies can be used to help nurture plant life. Non-profit organizers want to begin the service within three years, but must complete fundraising and build a facility to conduct research. The Washington State Department of Licensing said the group will also have to receive a license to operate as a funeral home.




The bodies would be stored up to 10 days in a refrigeration unit, and no embalming would be required.


"The idea is to fold the dead back into the city," said Katrina Spade, founder and executive director of the Urban Death Project, in a statement. "The options we currently have for our bodies are lacking, both from an environmental standpoint, but also, and perhaps more importantly, from a meaning standpoint."

Continue reading 'Seattle non-profit group has bizarre idea: wants to compost the dead' (full post)

Robots beginning to take over work force, as human employees struggle

American workers will need to diversify and learn new skillsets, as a growing number of robots are beginning to take hold in the workforce. Recent technological developments have allowed newer generations of humanoid robots, such as models being used in manufacturing, logistics, clerical work, and other key industries.




Economists and researchers have shown concern that robots in the workforce could cannibalize human jobs, despite creating a number of new positions. However, there is great potential for humans to work alongside robots to help complement skillsets and help human workers boost productivity, while robots ease the workload.


"This isn't some hypothetical future possibility," said Lawrence H. Summers, former US Treasury secretary, when speaking about robot workers being developed. "This isn't some hypothetical future possibility. This is something that's emerging before us right now."

Continue reading 'Robots beginning to take over work force, as human employees struggle' (full post)

Study indicates addictive social media use linked to substance abuse

Excessive use of social media in itself can be addicting, especially as access to Twitter, Facebook and other sites is readily available, but the habit also shows links to substance abuse and other impulse control disorders. In a study that was published in the "Addiction" journal, researchers from the University of Albany discovered 10 percent of users suffer from "disordered social networking use," with people addicted to social media more likely to have drinking problems.




Survey respondents who suffered from disordered social networking use also reported problems related to emotion regulation and poor impulse control. These respondents also had strong urges to browse Facebook, and became irritable when they were unable to reach the social networking website.


"Our findings suggest that disordered online social networking may arise as part of a cluster of risk factors that increase susceptibility to both substance and non-substance addictions," said psychologist Julia Hormes, who led the University of Albany study, in a statement.

Sir Richard Branson shelves Virgin Oceanic to explore deep waters

Sir Richard Branson wanted to explore the deepest oceans in the world, but has scrapped those plans to put his energy into Virgin Galactic. Originally announced in 2011, the Virgin Oceanic wanted to conduct five dives at the deepest depths across the world, but the company's DeepFlight Challenger was unable to withstand stress tests.




Here is what Branson said in an open letter published in August: "Starting new ventures takes a 'screw it, let's do it' attitude - business is also knowing when to change tack. We are still highly passionate about exploring the bottom of the ocean. However, we are now widening the focus and looking for new technology to help us explore the ocean."


Meanwhile, a catastrophic event struck its Virgin Galactic SpaceShipTwo, and his team will closely analyze an investigation report from the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB).

Sumo robots throw down in first unique Japanese tournament

The Fujisoft-organized annual robot sumo competition occurred over the weekend, and featured remote-controlled and autonomous robotic sumo bots throwing down. The event hosted in Tokyo featured teams from 10 different countries, and continually grows in popularity.




The Mirai Robo Koken team from a Japanese high school won the radio-controlled portion of the event, which featured 10 different robots. Operators used remote controls to help guide their respective robots in the sumo tournament.


The Robotu Skola team from Latvia capturing the autonomous tournament - featuring 31 different robotic sumo models. Autonomous sumo robots were required to use pre-programmed movements to help find rival robots and push them out of a small ring.

Continue reading 'Sumo robots throw down in first unique Japanese tournament' (full post)

Have a medical emergency? The ambulance drone could be there to help

Interest in drones continues to transition from military and government purposes towards commercial and private use, and there is great potential in potential life-saving drones. Alec Momont from the Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands showed off a prototype drone that swiftly delivers a defibrillator to a person suffering a heart attack.



The ambulance drone can reach a location based on GPS from a mobile phone within 4.6 square miles in just one minute, with emergency personnel speaking to people on the scene using audio and video. Of course, there will be safety concerns, even with first responders on the way - as you're never really sure who will be using the defibrillator - but this type of technology can be fine-tuned - and shows great potential.

Continue reading 'Have a medical emergency? The ambulance drone could be there to help' (full post)

DARPA creates self-guiding, mid-flight-changing .50-caliber bullet

DARPA has developed something that is quite amazing: a self-guided, mid-flight-changing .50 cal projectile. This allows snipers to hide behind cover, and still hit their target with accuracy - even if they move.



The project comes from DARPA's "Extreme Accuracy Tasked Ordinance" (EXACTO), with the team having the job of "developing more accurate military artillery that will enable greater firing range, minimize the time required to engage with targets, and also help reduce missed shots that can give away the troops' location".


A few months ago now, DARPA tested the .50 cal bullet at a distance of 1.2 miles, with the projectile using optical sensors on its nose to pull in-flight information. It also featured an internal electronic system that controls the fins on the projectile, which fling out in-flight, as they can't be seen in EXACTO photos. The video above shows a live testing of DARPA's impressive guided bullet, with the rifle intentionally aimed to the right of the target. The video shows that the projectile finds its target, changes its flight path on-the-fly, and then connects. DARPA's EXACTO team recently conduced the first successful live-fire tests using the in-flight guidance of .50-caliber bullets, which means it could be close to being used by snipers in the field.

Continue reading 'DARPA creates self-guiding, mid-flight-changing .50-caliber bullet' (full post)

Japanese firm shows off GPS-guided robotic lawn mower for golf courses

Japanese company Mamiya-OP plans to begin selling a pricey robotic lawn mower that will be able to autonomously take care of golf courses. Mamiya-OP partnered with Jacobsen, a company that manufacturers golf course lawn mowing products, to create the "Robot Mower for Five Successive Fairways."




Mamiya-OP said customers could be able to pay off purchasing one unit within three years, as the robot mower is able to travel up to 6 m.p.h. along a preset route. Utilizing a GPS, three-axis gyroscope and encoder, the robot mower has sensors so it is able to spot - and avoid - humans and other obstacles on the course.


The lawn mower utilizes a custom autonomous driving system and each unit will cost between $70,000 and $90,000.

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