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After learning he's the target of a $32 million lawsuit from the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC), accused pirate Steven Messina says he suffers from mental illness and can't afford the significant civil lawsuit. The parent company of the UFC, Zuffa, is now seeking $150,000 for every act of infringement, $110,000 for using UFC content without permission, and $60,000 for intercepting UFC content, plus legal fees.
The UFC says Messina made money from the pirated streams, though he refutes the accusation: "Most of the time I barely had enough to cover an event's cost after donations and would use my own money saved from medication and doctors. In total, I've probably made no more in a year than $450-$550 in donations. But that just helped me pay for a few months of medical expenses, as well as maybe four or five fight cards. I always ended up paying out of my own pocket though, as I've had money from my previous job saved in my checking account."
Zuffa will continue to fight against organized piracy that streams its events, especially pay-per-view fight cards, and is currently interested in targeting websites that host the events. Regardless of what happens from this outcome, there are numerous ways to illegally stream content.
Cybercriminals are using social engineering techniques to exploit trust and compromise users, now finding mobile apps a great method to infect smartphones and tablets. Many mobile users, especially those unfamiliar with security measures, are willing to click suspicious links and install third-party applications.
"To protect themselves, users should remember not to open emails from unknown senders, and especially not to click any links in these emails, which inevitably pose a risk to security," said Darya Gudkova, Kaspersky Lab head content analysis, in a statement to CIO. "Clicking unsafe links threatens user security regardless of which device is used - they pose a danger to desktop computers and mobile gadgets alike."
Malware creators are becoming more creative in their efforts, and find phishing to be a successful technique to compromise users.
The Cryptolocker ransomware, which previously only targeted Microsoft Windows machines, has shifted towards the open source Google Android operating system.
"If you land on it with Android then you'll be redirected to a website that will push the download of the APK to the mobile without interaction," a security researcher said. ""Note: no installation. User has to do an action. So it's social engineering... the locker is kind of effective. You can go on your home screen but nothing else seems to work. Launching Browser, calling apps, or 'list of active task' will bring the locker back."
A survey published earlier in the year found that 40 percent of companies infected with Cryptolocker chose to pay the ransom - everyone else is left to rely on system backups to restore files. In addition, cybercriminals are finding other forms of ransomware to be successful attack methods to compromise systems, and receive payment to limit additional harm.
The overall number of Microsoft Windows vulnerabilities has increased 12.6 percent year-over-year, according to the Microsoft Security Intelligence Report (SIR), covering July to December 2013. During Q3 2013, 5.8 of every 1,000 Windows computers reportedly suffered from malware infection - and jumped to a whopping 17 computers per 1,000 during Q4.
However, severe Windows vulnerabilities reportedly declined 70 percent between 2010 and 2013 - as Microsoft continues to increase security - but the sophistication of current threats are giving computer security companies fits. Cybercriminals are using social engineering to get users to click on malicious links, or install malware bundled with legitimate software, the report also indicates.
Malware authors are finding a great market, in which they can launch mass attacks for a low price and little risk of being prosecuted. To make matters worse, next-generation malware is able to easily circumvent anti-virus software that traditionally kept PCs more secure.
Google remains an outspoken critic of mass surveillance operations by the National Security Agency (NSA), but it appears both sides were exchanging a large amount of emails. NSA Director Gen. Keith Alexander and Google executives Sergey Brin and Eric Schmidt exchanged emails - including personal meetings and invitations to briefings and meetings.
At least one meeting, between U.S. government departments and Silicon Valley tech leaders, was focused on Enduring Security Framework - with a focus on mobile security.
Despite the emails, Google gave the Huffington Post this statement: "We work really hard to protect our users from cyberattacks and we talk to outside experts, including occasionally in the US government, to ensure we stay ahead of the game."
The average cost of a data breach to U.S. companies averaged $3.5 million and is a 15 percent increase year-over-year, according to a new study conducted by the Ponemon Institute and sponsored by IBM. Each lost record reportedly cost $201 each, an increase from $188 per record in 2013, as cybercriminals find success targeting select industries.
Not only are companies finding data breaches to be more costly, but retailers need to worry about customers possibly leaving if a security issue occurs. Everything from university and medical records to debit and credit card information have value among criminals, trying to steal information which can later be exploited, sold, or traded in underground forums.
From the Ponemon press release: "As a preventive measure, companies should consider having an incident response and crisis management plan in place. Efficient response to the breach and containment of the damage has been shown to reduce the cost of breach significantly. Other measures include having a CISO in charge and involving the company's business continuity management team in dealing with the breach."
The Department of Defense is reportedly looking into bitcoins and whether or not the cryptocurrency is a potential terrorist threat, with the DoD Combatting Terrorism Technical Support Office division spearheading the investigation. Due to how bitcoins were designed to be owned and traded, the government is concerned that virtual currency provides a great method for terrorists to receive donations - and distribute funds.
Russia previously banned bitcoins, and Singapore created new regulation to try and prevent criminals from using bitcoins to help launder money. The idea that bitcoins could be used for money laundering seems to have the US government concerned that terrorists could use anonymity to fund operations.
Considering the concern of government snooping, critics already are sounding off to say that the DoD is launching an irrelevant investigation.
A new report states that Australian energy grids and public infrastructure face increased threat of cyberattacks, according to the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO). It's a difficult time for government agencies and private sector companies to try and combat increasingly sophisticated cyberattacks.
The CSIRO report calls for increased transparency, and additional open disclosure if a breach happens, along with trying to focus on simplifying digital systems.
"Despite recently being ranked second in the Asia-Pacific region when it comes to cybersecurity capabilities, we need to recognize that our increasing reliance on digital services leaves us potentially vulnerable at unprecedented scales," said James Deverell, CSIRO Futures Director, in a press statement. "The sheer complexity and interconnectedness of different elements of our digital economy means we can expect rapid exponential growth in the number, speed, and severity of breaches - far beyond what any single organization can tackle on its own."
Entire populations are living under constant surveillance from governments, according to former NSA contractor Edward Snowden, while participating in a video shown during a conference focused on mass surveillance. Still hidden away in Russia, possibly under Russian influence, Snowden is becoming more vocal, typically through video statements.
"It's no longer based on the traditional practice of targeted taps based on some individual suspicion of wrongdoing," Snowden recently said in an interview. "It covers phone calls, emails, texts, search history, what you buy, who your friends are, where you go, who you love."
Although US lawmakers still don't appreciate Snowden's actions, many Internet users have applauded him for making the disclosures.
A number of groups are calling on users and developers to create new methods to prevent spying from the National Security Agency (NSA), with advocates calling on better unity from users. The groups hope to see new tools rolled out by June 5 as part of the "reset the 'Net" effort, hoping to see wider use of HTTPS, for example.
Here is what the group said in a released video: "But government spies have a weakness. They can hack anybody, but they can't hack everybody. Folks like the NSA depend on collecting insecure data from tapped fiber. They depend on our mistakes - mistakes we can fix."