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Hacking & Security Posts - Page 5

Kaspersky: complexity versus functionality in cyberespionage war

Countries interested in conducting cyberespionage campaigns are using increasingly sophisticated methods, carefully targeting users with modular tools, according to Kaspersky Lab.

 

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To increase stealth and reduce their visibility from cybersecurity experts, hackers are diversifying the components used in their malicious programs. One specific platform has at least 116 different plugins that can be customized depending on expected victim and what type of information they have access to.

 

"Nation-state attackers are looking to create more stable, invisible, reliable and universal cyberespionage tools," said Costin Raiu, director of global research and analysis at Kaspersky Lab. "They are focused on creating frameworks for wrapping such code into something that can be customized on live systems and provide a reliable way to store all components and data in encrypted form, inaccessible to regular users."

Continue reading 'Kaspersky: complexity versus functionality in cyberespionage war' (full post)

Edward Snowden hopes for possible asylum in Switzerland

Former NSA contractor Edward Snowden, currently residing in Russia, says he would like if the Swiss government granted him asylum. Snowden once lived in Geneva while working undercover for the CIA, and enjoyed his time in the European country.

 

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In addition to Switzerland preferring a neutral stance on current military wars and other issues, the country also boasts a high quality of life and treatment of citizens. Unfortunately, current Swiss laws dictate someone applying for asylum must already be in Switzerland - and it's unknown if the government is willing to make an exception for Snowden.

 

"I would love to return to Switzerland, some of my favorite memories are from Geneva," Snowden recently said during the International Film Festival and Forum on Human Rights. "It's a wonderful place. I do think Switzerland would be a sort of great political option because it has a history of neutrality."

Continue reading 'Edward Snowden hopes for possible asylum in Switzerland' (full post)

Study: Consumers worried about security, privacy of mobile payments

When it comes to retail shopping, cash is still king to consumers as far as choosing a safe payment option, according to a new study from the Walker Sands marketing research firm. Fifty six percent of consumers say cash is the most secure method, ahead of debit and credit cards (38 percent), and mobile payments (1 percent).

 

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Despite more than half of consumers saying cash is most secure, 59 percent of consumers carry just $20 or less while shopping. The use of cash is dropping as more consumers rely on debit and credit card payments because of it being extremely easy to use - and mobile payment supporters hope a similar trend will take place in the future.

 

"Consumer fears around security and privacy have plagued mobile payment adoption," said Michelle Evans, senior consumer finance analyst at Euromonitor International, in a statement published by MainStreet. "The unfamiliarity and complexity of the mobile device creates security and privacy concerns for consumers who want to be confident that their personally identifiable information and financial details are protected."

Wikimedia Foundation suing NSA to protect millions of Wikipedia users

The NSA and US Department of Justice are being sued by the Wikimedia Foundation, accusing the US organizations of violating US laws related to freedom of speech. The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) is representing Wikimedia, which was joined by Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, and several other major organizations in the lawsuit.

 

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The NSA's use of "upstream" surveillance, which "taps the Internet's 'backbone' to capture communications with 'non-US persons,'" is available for a large amount of possible uses - however, it is believed to ultimately collect data not involved in their investigations. Wikimedia and other groups are concerned that journalists, clients, foreign government officials and others won't be as willing to turn over information and discuss sensitive topics with them.

 

"Our lawsuit says that the NSA's mass surveillance of Internet traffic on American soil - often called 'upstream' surveillance - violates the Fourth Amendment, which protects the right to privacy, as well as the First Amendment, which protects the freedoms of expression and association," according to a Wikipedia op-ed published by the New York Times. "We also argue that this agency activity exceeds the authority granted by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act that Congress amended in 2008."

Continue reading 'Wikimedia Foundation suing NSA to protect millions of Wikipedia users' (full post)

CIA revamping its operations, shift in focus to digital efforts

The Central Intelligence Agency is undergoing a technology modernization, with officials especially interested in developing its digital abilities. The CIA will appoint a "Directorate of Digital Innovation," tasked with keeping better tabs of cyber technology.

 

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"Our ability to carry out our responsibilities for human intelligence and national security responsibilities has become more challenging" in the current digital landscape, said John Brennan, director of the CIA, in a statement published by Reuters. "And so what we need to do as an agency is make sure we're able to understand all of the aspects of that digital environment."

 

The NSA and FBI are well known for their cyber surveillance programs, but the CIA and other departments want their respective cyber-related efforts to be updated. Additional details regarding what the CIA hopes to accomplish with a renewed focus on cybersecurity wasn't discussed by CIA officials.

Continue reading 'CIA revamping its operations, shift in focus to digital efforts' (full post)

US transition to Chip-and-PIN cards may not stop security problems

Consumers in the United States are receiving new credit cards and retailers must upgrade their payment terminals. Cybersecurity experts warn that since credit card companies will rely on signatures while PIN numbers won't be required - due to higher cost and increased complexity - stolen and lost cards could still be vulnerable.

 

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Chip-enabled cards will help lower fraud in retail stores, but online fraud is likely to increase, which has happened in other countries that adopted similar technology years ago. There will be a learning process for US consumers and retailers unfamiliar with Chip-and-PIN - but it should help usher in change, even if security concerns remain.

 

"A payment standard that is accepted globally will substantially reduce transaction costs for them," said Rick Dakin, CEO of the Coalfire cybersecurity risk and compliance firm, in a statement to Reuters. "Also they have already done the heavy lifting for EMV so they are ready and pushing for it."

Javelin Strategy: New identity fraud victim every two seconds in 2014

Criminals took $16 billion from 12.7 million US consumers last year, with a new identity fraud victim every two seconds, according to a new report from Javelin Strategy & Research. Two-thirds of identity fraud victims last year received notification that their personal information was compromised in a data breach, which took over headlines as major retailers were hit.

 

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On the bright side, new account fraud, which is when a criminal opens up an account in a victim's name, dropped to a record low in 2014. In addition, new monitoring and protection systems saw the amount lost due to fraud dropping 11 percent year-over-year, from $18 billion in 2013 down to $16 billion in 2014.

 

"Despite the headlines, the occurrence of identity fraud hasn't changed much over the past year, and it is still a significant problem," said Al Pascual, director of fraud & security at Javelin Strategy & Research. "Consumers, financial institutions and retailers are all taking aggressive steps, yet we must remain vigilant. The criminals will continue to find new ways to commit fraud, so taking advantage of available technology and services to protect against, detect and resolve identity fraud is a must for all individuals and corporations."

Continue reading 'Javelin Strategy: New identity fraud victim every two seconds in 2014' (full post)

'FREAK attack' leaves Apple, Google Android users vulnerable to attack

The "FREAK attack" may have exposed millions of Apple and Google Android Internet users, though there have been no confirmed cases of attacks against Web browsers. If exploited, hackers could compromise usernames, passwords, and other personal information in a rather simple manner.

 

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The "Factoring attack on RSA-EXPORT Keys" attack stems from a US law that required "export-grade" products with weaker encryption protocols to be shipped overseas. Despite the federal restrictions being lifted more than 15 years ago, popular software - which eventually found its way to the United States - were still vulnerable.

 

Apple and Google have both created software updates to prevent this type of attack from being problematic. The Apple update will be issued next week, while Google has already offered an update to wireless carriers and smartphone manufacturers.

Continue reading ''FREAK attack' leaves Apple, Google Android users vulnerable to attack' (full post)

Lawyer: Edward Snowden wants to return to US if given fair trial

Former NSA contractor Edward Snowden wants to return to the United States in the future, but needs guarantees of a fair trial. The only promise he has been given is that he wouldn't face the death penalty if he is convicted - and privacy advocates believe the US government, which wants to do anything to get him into custody, cannot be trusted.

 

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"He is thinking about it," said Anatoly Kucherena, a Russian lawyer representing Snowden, during a recent news conference. "He has a desire to return and we are doing everything we can to make it happen. Snowden is ready to return to the United States, but on the condition that he is given a guarantee of a legal and impartial trial."

 

Kucherena also noted that he is working with a group of international lawyers to determine the best method for Snowden's potential return to the United States. Snowden has a three-year Russian residency, but would likely face immediate arrest if he tried to leave Russia.

Concern in rising number of tax-related scams and cybercrime

The US federal government is worried about a growing number of cases related to Stolen Identity Refund Fraud (SIRF), with criminals filing state and federal taxes - and making off with the tax refunds. Tax-related identity theft was the most reported type of fraud submitted to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) in 2014, with the agency receiving 109,063 complaints.

 

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Recently, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) issued another public advisory to remind people that any telephone calls or emails claiming to be the IRS are fraudulent. In these scams, criminals ask victims to provide personal information or transfer money to them.

 

"It is a massive problem," said Brian Krebs, independent cybersecurity investigative reporter, in a statement published by the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. "It's probably going to emerge as the biggest identity theft problem this year."

Continue reading 'Concern in rising number of tax-related scams and cybercrime' (full post)

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