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Former NSA contractor Edward Snowden has greatly changed data security after disclosing major surveillance programs targeting U.S. citizens and foreign citizens. This has caused such a shakeup that physical location of data will become irrelevant moving forward, with organizations using a combination of different strategies to stay more secure, according to research firm Gartner.
Gartner lists the following types of data location: physical location, legal location, political location, and logical location. Companies trying to keep data secure will have to find ways to keep data offshore while ensuring encryption keys and other tools are located elsewhere, for example - critically important with cloud computing becoming more important.
"Business leaders must make the decision and accept the residual risk, balancing different types of risk: ongoing legal uncertainty, fines or public outrage, employee dissatisfaction or losing market share due to a lack of innovation, or overspending on redundant or outdated it," according to Gartner.
The Houston Astros baseball team playing in the Major League Baseball (MLB) league recently suffered a data breach, with information posted online. Some of the information includes private conversations related to possible trades with other teams, including the New York Mets and Miami Marlins.
After the team discovered it was compromised, officials alerted the MLB and a FBI-led investigation is currently underway.
"While it does appear that some of the content released was based on trade conversations, a portion of the material was embellished or completely fabricated," according to a statement released by the team.
Norway has conducted e-voting tests during local and national elections in 2011 and 2013, with the government pulling the blog, citing voter fears. During a test run in 2013, 70,000 Norwegians tested e-voting - but there was concern because prior to the election, when the encryption software was compromised.
There was a political controversy and the e-voting process didn't generate additional interest to draw voters to the polls, according to the government. A small number of voters, just 0.75 percent of all voters, managed to double vote due to a glitch in the system.
"In order to push both the trustworthiness and transparency of the procedure, the source code for this year's e-voting system was put into the public domain, and anyone can now download and study the source code used from the e-voting project webpage," said Stig Oyvann.
Western energy companies are under attack by cybercriminals located in Eastern Europe, compromising industrial control system software updates. The attackers, known as "Dragonfly," are able to spy on energy sector targets, and could have damaged or disrupted energy service to customers, according to security firm Symantec.
In addition, Dragonfly utilizes a large library of malware and other cyberattack tools capable of causing damage to targets. Along with infecting industrial control systems, the group is responsible for sending out spam emails to target select companies. The U.S. government wants a stronger stance on cybersecurity, and often points towards the financial and energy infrastructure as two sectors that need to adhere to strict security protocols.
"This campaign follows in the footsteps of Stuxnet, which was the first known major malware campaign to target ICS systems," according to the Symantec report. "While Stuxnet was narrowly targeted at the Iranian nuclear program and had sabotage as its primary goal, Dragonfly appears to have a much broader focus with espionage and persistent access as its current objective with sabotage as an optional capability if required."
Former NSA contractor Edward Snowden generated anger among politicians and military leaders when he revealed organized surveillance programs. However, it's not causing the new head of the National Security Agency (NSA) to panic, saying the damage done is manageable and hasn't led him to believe "the sky is falling."
When responding to damage caused by Snowden, the new director, Adm. Michael S. Rogers, said the risk was manageable: "You have not heard me as the director say, 'Oh, my God, the sky is falling.' I am trying to be very specific and very measured in my characterizations."
Similar to a handful of lawmakers, they claim Snowden's information has led to terrorists changing tactics, but refuse to indicate which groups have altered their tactics - while citizens remain frustrated about such organized snooping practices.
Apple is currently testing a way to make its iCloud system more secure by using two-step verification. Before the new system went into testing, all people needed was a simple password to gain access to iCloud.com. Using only a password makes access easier to gain by nefarious hackers.
iCloud now uses Apple's normal two-factor authentication system with users logging in using a password and a four-digit verification code. That four-digit verification code has to be sent to a trusted device.
Once that four-digit code is entered, iCloud apps are unlocked and can be accessed normally. The only iCloud app that can be accessed without the verification code is the Find my iPhone button. Find My iPhone is not secured with two-factor authentication to allow you to find your device if it is lost or stolen and is your trusted device.
Cybercriminals are finding success launching distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks against companies, causing disruptions and sometimes halting organizations during business days. Forty one percent of organizations across the world were targeted, with 78 percent hit at least two or more times in the past 12 years, according to BT.
"DDoS attacks have evolved significantly in the last few years and are now a legitimate business concern," said Mark Hughes, BT Security President, in a press statement. "They can have a damaging effect on revenues and send an organization into full crisis mode. Reputations, revenue and customer confidence are on the line following a DDoS attack. Finance, e-commerce companies and retailers in particular suffer when their websites or businesses are targeted."
DDoS cyberattacks were up 43 percent during Q4 2013, according to security company Akamai - and the problem only seems to be intensifying. Due to the increase in DDoS attacks, 78 percent of US organizations are increasingly concerned about the popular cyberattack method used by hackers.
Malware linked back to cybercriminals in Algeria and Kuwait was disrupted when Microsoft named several parties in a civil suit accused of creating malicious code that infected millions of victims. The strategy is a unique new method by Microsoft, attempting to disrupt communication channels used by cybercriminals and the infected PCs they've compromised.
The foreign nationals, Naser Al Mutairi and Mohamed Benabdellah, along with the Vitalwerks Internet Solutions domain hosting company - almost 94 percent of compromised machines used Vitalwerks servers so the criminals were able to control the machines - in a rather clever method to try to stay under the radar.
Meanwhile, Vitalwerks claims millions of Internet users have suffered disrupted service because of the legal proceedings. Microsoft didn't directly say Vitalwerks was involved in the cybercriminal activities, but said the company didn't do enough to prevent it.
Companies are familiar what to do during a cybersecurity incident, and how to defend against phishing and social engineering tactics, but tend to only learn lessons the hard way. Fifty four percent of respondents to a recent survey said they were not hacked or experienced a data breach in the past 12 months, according to TrainAce, a cybersecurity training organization.
For companies that did suffer a data breach, 70 percent found a Trojan on a PC or on theur network - and 20 percent of those hacked don't have a cybersecurity incident plan ready.
"The findings we've compiled suggest that while most companies are employing best practices when it comes to cybersecurity, there is still a way to go before adoption is universal," said Ralph Sita, TrainACE CEO and President, in a press statement. "All companies have different reasons and needs when it comes to cybersecurity, but it's troublesome to learn that many still don't have the basics in place, such as a cyber incident plan or set of updates guidelines."
A whopping 58 percent of healthcare vendors scored a "D" when it came to data security and privacy standards, as cyberattacks trying to steal medical records become more common, according to security risk management firm Corl Technologies. To put together the report, everything from security incidents, security and privacy policies, and quality of security team in place helped calculate scores.
"[The] majority of health care vendors lack minimum security practices, well short of HIPAA standards," according to the report. "Health organizations are often unaware of how many of their vendors have access to protected information."
It's unfortunate that healthcare vendors earned such a low score, as patient medical records are a valuable asset for cybercriminals. As such, medical identity theft amounted to 43 percent of identity theft cases in 2013, according to a study released by the Ponemon Institute - and HIPAA laws are scrambling to catch up to the current rash of healthcare-related cyberattacks.