When a certain type of animal is near extinction, scientists often try to prevent them from going extinct by capturing them and putting the animals into a controlled environment where they can be protected. The problem with this is that some animals won't reproduce when they are in a closed environment meaning that no little animals can be born.
SeaWorld in San Diego, California has made a scientific breakthrough that could help prevent animals from going extinct and allow baby's to be born in captivity. The breakthrough came with the first baby penguin to be born using artificial insemination. The penguin is currently only 12 weeks old and is the first penguin of any species to be reproduced this way. There is no word on if this technique might be used on other types of animals at this time.
"Artificial insemination and semen preservation allows us to maximize the genetic diversity of these populations, and that means that they remain healthy and stable into the future," said one of the researchers at the SeaWorld Reproductive Research Center, Justine O'Brien.