The sheer amount of data and computer systems that is in use in the military in the US is staggering. It takes a fleet of specialists to support these systems and ensure the data is safe and available to those who need it.
The Air Force has had communications officers for years that are tasked with maintaining the computer systems at a base. The Air Force has taken about 30,000 of these communications specialists and retasked them as cyberspace specialists.
The new specialty will still maintain the computer systems at bases around the world, but they will also be experts on how computers and communications can improve war-fighting capabilities. The new officers will spend 115 days in training compared to the 26 day training that communications officers received.